:

, , , , , , , , , .


 

: " "

5

: ,

:

2003

1. OHTE OEPKA

2. OE ACE PA OEPA

3. HA3HAEHE CEHO-OEPKOBEECKO KCEPT3

4. OEHE OPA3OB CPABHTEHOO CCEOBAH

5. P3HAK CMEHHO PE

6. METOK OEPKOBEECKO KCEPT3

7.

1. OHTE OEPKA

oep - ycpoe peo- ae opa paeco ex ca, acpoa pyoc c oo cce epx e.

K oco coca oepa, aoap oop ooo eo pacecoe cceoae peee pax aa cyeo cep, oocc:

1) yaoc;

2) aeca ycooc;

3) apaooc;

4) paea eoc.

yaoc oepa pecae coo eoopoc oeca ocoeoce ceo-aeoo aa y pax e oaae, o e oe yx eoe oaax o e e oepo, xo e ce cya, oa oep pax oxo ee ayc oao. Ka pao, yaoc oepa oec a opeeeo ae oye cy, apep 3-5 accax cpee o.
o coco oepa, ocycyee oex ex pcyee oepy a eocoy oey, oeceaec oeco aopo, a oopx c:

1) yae coca oc (aaoece, ooece cxooece ocoeoc opeoo eoea), cyae a eoopa cooyoc ypex cyex aopo;

2) yco oppoa ceo-aeoo aa, oaec ooce ococo, e oece eoopoc aoo yeo.

o ooe oepooy ay aop oc "e", e xapaep. co oppoa aa oecye a peya oocpeoao, peoc epe yae coca oc. ooy eoopoc xapaepyec e oo peya, o ca poecc oppoa ca.

Coco yaoc oepa pyoc poec ccee oee acx coc, oope, yy ye, opay pa, ooe pea eaoe aa.

aeca ycooc oepa oaae eo opeeey caoc (cepeooc) o pee ooceo paoo poa oecy aopa. Oo o coco oepa oppyec 25 oa eoea , a pao, e oepaec aee cyece ee. B ocoe oo coca oepa e opaoae aecoo cepeoa, pecaeo coo ypaoeey ccey pea opaa a ec pax ex ypex papaee. coa, o peya ex oopax oope opeeeo cce e opeoo yeo. Baae e p ce oc eyepe, paoe xapaep, oac eycooc oopaox apaepo. B pyoc o poec ocyc coc cex ao x eeo, a pao aeeoo ea e. oceeo e, popea xapaep eoco coc, caoc cp, o eecoopa. Oaae eoxooc peo opoe p oe oex y yocoea, oec aoa ycooc p oe px cepeox e. aec xapaep ycooc oepa e oaae eo acoo cepeooc. oep, a a ccea, axoc ooceo ycoo paoeco coco, cyecya eycooc a opaea o pee, o ao poec p ye ao cce. opo poe aeco ycooc ec apaooc oepa.

Bapaooc oepa pecae coo ycooe oeee oepa ooo oo e a, oopaeoe eo pyoc, eec cpeco pcocoe pa yco oe. o coco oepa oycoeo pcocoe xapaepo oppoa aa ca ec cece ycooo oee cce, aapoao o ooe ooopa e oec. o coco,a poee yaoc ycooc oepa, ee ooe aee ae pee eaox aa.

paea eoc oepa oaae epecpoy px apaepo oepa peyae a poecc ca cax aopo, e px opeoo yeo. co eox yeo ycox ae oee oepe ex x ee, oope xo a pee oo apaooc. p o oe xapaep ax ee axoc eco eepa o oecye p, c oec, yax ocoeoce eoea. eee po o yeo, epeea ye py, cocoe aoooo apoecoo oe a eee opeeex pao, oope coe cooyoc opay oec, ooe epepoa ee yco ca cxoecoe cocoe yeo. paea eoc oepa, eco caa c py aa eo coca, coep cee opa o ycox oe ca, coco caeo ooe pea aocece aa.

2. OE ACE PA OEPA

pa oepa oco x acca.

o paa oepa oa ocoeoc ceo-aeoo aa, acpoae pyoc c oo cce e. o oey poe pao pyoc o opaec a e py: oe ace.

K o paa oocc e xapaepc oepa, oope poc oepe eo, a ccee e.

K ac - xapaepc, oope poc oex cex aax x eeax. B acoc o oo, ae ocoeoc e o opaa, e ceye p py pao:

1) opaax cee xapaep coppoaoc oepa. K oocc cee paoaoc oepa, oopa e, e ca, cpoee oepa o cee cooc e;

2) opaax cpyypy e o paeop. o peoaae opa apaee e, poeoc e, (coa y, pao), cee coc, (epepoc e), cee xapaep aa;

3) opaax pocpacey opea paeo pyoc e, oop o oc. o paeee caocoex paeo oyea (opae, a, oce, peo) peeax ca ya, paeee eca ooceo cpeo ca ya - o (x ae, ocyce, oaa, paep, oypa), paep epao ey coa, cpoa, paeee ca ooceo aoo cpo, apaee opa ca, paeee ao pea.

pa epo py oo epepoa oep o cee xapaepy coppoaoc ceo-aeoo aa, eo ocoe.

Bpaoaoc oepa - o co epa pa, xapaepy ypoe oae exo ca. Eo oaae c oopa (pocpacea ooc e) e. o cee paoaoc oep ec a aopaoae, cpeepaoae coopaoae.

Maopaoa oep opaae aa epo oye cy xapaepyec o oopae e, o poec coc, oax pxo, yoaoc oax eeo, epaoepoc poeoc, apae paee e, a ae ee cpe eo coe eco. K o pye aopaoax oepo oocc oe oep (1-4 acc) oep , ocax oyee a eo aax aax peo yx. ocee aac aopaoa paec oepa. oe paece aopaoae oep peo paac ey coo.

Cpeepaoa oep - o ecoppoac o oa ceo- ae a, opaa ca paecoo ocoe coo cpoo ca. Koopa e xapaepyec eycooc poeoc, apae paee e p oe cex ao x eeo. aoy oepy coce cpe e.

Bcoopaoa oep - o coppoac ceo- ae a, opaa cp e, coy cee oopa e xapaepyc ycooc pao. e cee paoaoc oo oo copoy ce. o, oaaee aopaoa- cpeepaoa oepo, e oe o pyoc ec coopaoa oepo.

Cee cee paoaoc oepa, a pao, acyae p yeo cae ca (oeeo ee oepa, cpee yeo o ec c opaae ya eao op ya oo epeoo cpoe), epeee ye py, aoeax epao epo cce. B x cyax oaae cee paoaoc - oopa e - peepea aee ee, o ocoe ee pacoaae. Bece c e pyoc ycoo coxpac oee ocoeoc e, oope ceecy o cox oopaox oooc cpo ee ca. o ooe ycao ecey cee paoaoc, ecop a eooc oe cceyeo pyoc. oep oaoo cee paoaoc o cpoe cex ao, o cee x cooc ec a poce, ypoee, ycoee.

pa opo py oo y cpyypy paeop e poecce ca c yeo ee op, apae, poeoc, oeca cocax e x oceoaeoc. peoaaa opa e p ce ec oaaee cee x cooc.
Haoee pacpocpaeo opo e cpe oepo pocoo ypoeoo cpoe ec poeo-yoa. Ooceo aco cpeac oep, oopx peoaae yoaa eea op.
ycoe oepo oo peo cpeaec apa co o oao op e. opa e ec ooceo yco pao epe yeo yco ca, e ca c aepe caee. Ka pao, eee op ceo-aeoo .

- paoaoe, , ;
( ) - , , ; - , ; - , , ; - , , , , .

pa pee py, yaae paeee paeo pyocoo eca, ac ocoeoce aoepa yeo, opaa ocoeoc pocpaceo opea yeo paee pyx p ce.

3. HA3HAEHE CEHO-OEPKOBEECKO KCEPT3

3aaa cyeo-oepoeeco cep peoaae ycaoee cepo-oepoeo cy eo poeccyaoo ooe ceax oa oac cyeoo oepoee aecx ax, eoxox cyeo-ceceo pa.

Oepo ec acca aa a eaoe, accaoe aocece.

eaoe aa cyeo-oepoeeco cep peoaa ycaoee yao-opeoo oeca coe pyoc (oc) oee oepox oeo o pa a. Heocpece oeo eaox cceoa ec oep a oce yao cce coc. pee ax aa a oopye cepa axoc eop cyeo-oepoeeco ea cooecye eo (eo) cep.

Kaccaoe aa cooec c cyece oooc cyeo-oepoeeco cep e e opeeee oa, opaca coe pyoc. B oceee pe paaec ooe apaee, peooaee ycaoee o oepy ooecx coc oc, apopo xapaepyx opeeee py yx. pee aoo poa aa papaaac cooecye oee ae eo.

aocece aa apae a ycaoee yco oe opeo pyoc. oe yco cyeo oepoee ae cocoe yeo, e caoy ca, caoy a acpoy oepa. eea ycaoa aoceco aa oe apaea a pacoaae aa eooc ca oe oe oepooo oea ope o; xapaepa eooc (peeo ocoo opeoo a); aa aepeoo ee coeo oepa; coco yeo ee ycao ca; opeoo caeo aopa, oycoeo eooc ca p oe cceyeoo oea. Opaa poecca pee cyeo-oepoeecx aocecx aa oaec oe cooc, e accaox, e cepaec oo , o poecce opeeeoe eco aa eaoe cceoa peee opoca o oece coe cpaaex oeo cococye oy o peeo ocoo eooc aeopeco ope, opaeoe peee epeee eaoo oaa ooe cea o o xapaepe eooc epoo ope.

ocaoee opeeee o aae cep ec ocoae ee pooca. Ka x oyeo oe cocae c coee yooo paaco-poeccyax op. B ocaoe opeee cya o aae cep o cooe ce aepa ea, ee ee aee. K oocc aya, ae o eox ycox oe oepox oeo, ae o peoaaex coex eco (oce), ax, oc o e oopx oea cceoa.

Bopoc cepy, copypoae ocaoe (opeee) o aae cep, o coepa aae oyea aae aee coa cceyeoo eca, ay oyea, eo paeee, a, , oeco peoaaeoo coe, a p cceoa oc - a a a, o e oopoo oa ac, e ec o o e, eycaoe epao, e ye paccac.

B ocaoe opeee o epece pecaee pacopee cepa aepa: cceyee oye c yaae x peo, oeco co, e oye (pooo opoca, coox opao oepa oce , epecex opocax cepy, cepeae opa oepa oce x c yaae oeca co o aoy x.

4. OEHE OPA3OB CPABHTEHOO CCEOBAH

Ocop oepox oeo ceoaee (co) ee ooe aee pao ooo cpaeoo aepaa, ooo oppoa opoco, ocaex a papeee ceo- oepoeeco cep. B poecce caaa xapaep oyea
(oa oe a epeca ..), pe aca eca oc, ec e ce execo oe oea
(oc, cpae pe exece pe), pop
(pace), oop oe ec oc (apaa, apoa pa, oacep, opoaa yaa ..), a coe ec oc
(copoc, c opaae eaoy p), oe pa oepa oc (cee paoaoc, e coe, paep, ao cex ao, pacp oc).

Hapy c ocopo oyeo eoxoo poec p cecex ec, apaex a cee ocoec oe oepox oeo. Hapep, ycao opoc , o e oopx coe oeae cceoa oc (c o eceo cyecy e), pe peoaae coe oeae cceoa oye oac c ocaoy, oopo ooc co, cocoe yeo. B aece cpaeoo aepaa p cceoa oepox oeo cya cooe cepeae opa oepa oc.

: 1, 2


?

doc
pdf
djvu
fb2
chm
txt